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ZSI (Zone Selective Interlock) Scheme has been developed about 40 years ago and since then, the application has expanded from Protection to Arc Flash Hazard Mitigation and even Coordination or Selectivity.
ETAP Star™ is an easy-to-use, interactive, and powerful platform for overcurrent protection and coordination studies. Supported with 100+ thousands of verified and validated protective device and equipment library models from manufacturers across the world, simulation and analysis of any network are at your fingertips.
Learn about the intuitive and efficient approach for the creation of Time-Current Characteristic Curves and the program’s artificial intelligence (AI) for protection and coordination or selectivity analysis.
In this webinar, we introduce ETAP Unbalanced Network Short Circuit Analysis and demonstrate how to evaluate the impact of shunt, series, and sliding faults on balanced and unbalanced networks:
*Device Duty Evaluation for multi-phase, single-phase, AC & DC systems
* Run and evaluate all fault types in one study
* Shunt, series, and simultaneous faults
* Simulate protective device responses to fault currents and configuration changes
Unbalanced Network Short Circuit Standards:
* ANSI C37.10 for AC systems
* IEC 60909 for AC systems
* IEC 61660 for DC systems
A practical example of an internal review of a protection coordination study, including the definition of protective device settings & characteristics.
Design and commission of a green-site power system including protection coordination for the entire site and implementation of IEC61850 communications, inter-tripping, inter-locking and protection blocking schemes.
Konexa rolling out its integrated distribution model with multiple DISCOs across Nigeria. In its sub-concession area, Konexa will develop embedded generation capacity (solar PV), and invest in the distribution network (medium voltage line, distribution transformers, injection substations) and last mile reticulation (low voltage lines, smart metering infrastructure). In addition, Konexa will invest in and implement IT & OT systems and processes to drive operational efficiency and significantly reduce ATC&C losses. The first phase of the project would serve about 7,000 customers (C&I and residentials).
This presentation defines and demonstrates the importance of remote data collection of protection relays for the security and reliability of large power system networks. Oman Electricity Transmission Company grid stations contain more than 5000 rapidly expanding protection relays installed. In case of tripping incidences, the protection system would isolate the faulty primary equipment by actuating the switchgear. These
isolated equipment restorations can be done faster if protection relays’ fault records and events can be retrieved through remote access at any time. ETAP and OETC jointly worked to provide remote relay access and data retrieval. The protection
system model and relay data feed in a relay management system solution, is called ETAP eProtect. This system is connected through IEC 61850 and IEC 60870-5-103 protocol to linked relays, events, and fault records. Fault records are stored in a database
for detailed analysis and validation. This presentation discusses the challenges faced, technical requirements, and benefits of the solution.
High penetration of solar PV energy fed into an electrical grid brings its share of challenges making the grid volatile which requires stabilizing variable energy. This presentation addresses one such challenge, of voltage profile improvement with reactive power compensation at the point of interconnection. A solar PV plant is rated in terms of power (either AC or DC) and is typically not rated for their reactive counterparts (MVAr). IEEE 1547/UL 1741 compliant inverters will typically not have reactive power capability and operate with a unity power factor. Although modern inverters have a capacity to supply reactive power in the range of +0.9 lead/-0.9 lag, the PV plant is rated based on the AC power supplied by the inverter at unity PF. Operational data sourced from various plants in India suggest that a typical utility-scale PV plant provides reactive energy in the range of 7% to 10%. This leads to an inherent error in the per-unit cost calculation, as when the inverter providing the reactive power, the active power is hampered. This paper showcases a cost-to-benefit analysis of various scenarios, such as unity power.
Adding distributed generation sources to existing power distribution systems and the implementation of islanding microgrid capability introduce protection and control challenges if not properly designed. Each new generator may present a new source ground fault current to the system, which can result in unanticipated breaker operation. Energy Systems Group, was using ETAP to model the system and check coordination of local and remote breakers can reduce downtime and troubleshooting.
For some types of generator exciter systems, collector rings and brushes are used to provide energy from the exciter to the rotating field. The brushes wear down and constantly need to be replaced with the unit on-line and while brush/ring assembly is still energized, a risky and unsafe maintenance operation and may cause a serious harm. A potential shock and arc-flash hazard. This presentation addresses the important and dangerous maintenance of worn-down collector rings and brushes, electrical safety, lack of standards and guidelines, and a first possible calculation method.
Electrical Power System Analysis & Operation Software
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