Wind Turbine Generator Software

Wind Turbine Generator

Wind Turbine Generator Analysis

Model, Analyze & Study Impact of Onshore & Offshore Wind Turbine Generator on Electric Power Grid
ETAP Wind Turbine Generator is used to model and simulate wind turbine power generation and operation under steady-state and dynamic conditions.
Wind Turbine Generator Analysis

ETAP Wind Turbine Generator includes two approaches for studying wind power systems when combined with the appropriate network analysis capabilities and simulation scenarios:

Wind Turbine Generator Software Key Features

  • Model unlimited wind turbine generators individually or in groups
  • Short-circuit modeling per IEC 60909-2016
  • Crowbar & current limit short circuit model with active & reactive
  • Auto-trip voltage & duration for Low-Voltage Ride Through (LVRT)
  • Detailed modeling of turbine dynamics including aerodynamics & power coefficients
  • Fully integrated with ETAP User-Defined Dynamic Model (UDM)
  • Generic dynamic models for grid interconnection based on IEC 61400-27-1-ed1
    • Type 4A
    • Type 4B
  • Generic dynamic models for grid interconnection based on WECC
    • Type 1
    • Type 2
    • Type 3
    • Type 4
  • User-defined wind turbine manufacturer and model library
  • Include vendor specific dynamic model for simulation or utilize generic models for grid interconnection studies
  • Simulate transient wind conditions with ramp, gust, & noise disturbances
  • Create multiple wind categories for predictive “what if” studies & scenarios
  • Perform transient stability analysis with individual or zone-based disturbances

    Design & Analyze Wind Farms or Wind Parks

    Wind farm designers or planners can model and simulate wind turbine generators using any technology type, design wind power collector systems, size underground cables, determine adequacy of system grounding, and more. Access of engineering device libraries for wind turbine generator, cables, protection relays, overhead lines, etc. make the design process flexible yet efficient.


    Wind Power Integration Impact on Transmission Grid

    System planners can represent wind turbine generator as a single machine mathematical model of the entire wind farm to understand the impact of wind penetration in the grid under variability of wind.

    System dynamic behavior can be studied by changing wind speed (gust, ramp), tripping the wind plant, simulating system faults at wind turbine or grid connected buses. Study results determine extent of system vulnerability with increase in penetration and uncertainty of wind power generation. User-defined actions may be added to simulate wind turbine and grid transient recovery variations and relay operations. It also predicts the dynamic response of each individual wind turbine generator.


    ETAP Wind Generation Solution

    ETAP Wind Turbine Generator can be used to verify grid connection compliance, steady-state and dynamic simulation of whole wind parks, size collector systems, calculate short circuit current levels, analyzing alternative turbine placement, tuning of control parameters, selection and placement of protective devices, and more.

    Generic Models for Wind Turbine Generators

    There are presently two major industry groups working towards the development of generic models for use in power system simulations for wind turbine generators – the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Renewable Energy Modeling Task Force (REMTF) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee (TC) 88, Working Group (WG) 27.

    In general, the most commonly sold and installed technologies in today’s market (both in the US and overseas) tend to be the type 3 and 4 units. All the major equipment vendors supply one or both of these technologies. There are, however, large numbers of the type 1 and 2 units in service around the world, and so modeling them is also of importance. Some vendors do still supply the type 1 and 2 turbines as well.

    ETAP includes wind turbine models developed by the WECC Modeling & Validation Working Group & IEC Technical Committee Working Group. These models were developed for analyzing the stability impact of large arrays of wind turbines with a single point of network interconnection. Dynamic simulations have been performed with these models, and comparisons made with results derived from higher-order models used in manufacturer-specific representations of aero conversion and drivetrain dynamics.

    Wind Turbine Generator Analysis

    Type 1

    The machine is pitch-regulated, and drives a squirrel cage induction generator which is directly coupled to the grid. The generic model consists of generator model, drive train model and pitch controller.

    Type 1: Wind Turbine Generator

    Type 2

    The machine operates with variable slip. It utilizes a wound rotor induction generator whose rotor winding is brought out via slip rings and brushes. An external rotor resistance is electronically modulated to affect dynamic changes in the machine’s torque-speed characteristics. The generic model includes generator model, external resistance controller, drive train model and pitch controller.

    Type 2: Wind Turbine Generator

    Type 3

    The machine is a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG), or partial conversion. The turbine is pitch-regulated and features a wound rotor induction generator with an AC/DC/AC power converter connected between the rotor terminals and grid. The generator stator winding is directly coupled to the grid. The power converter in the rotor circuit allows for independent control of generator torque and flux, providing fast active and reactive power control over a wide range of generator speeds.

    Type 3: Wind Turbine Generator

    Type 4

    The turbine is pitch-regulated and features an AC/DC/AC power converter through which the entire power of the generator is processed. The generator may be either an induction or synchronous type. The power converter allows for independent control of quadrature and direct axis output currents at the grid interface, providing fast active and reactive power control over a wide range of generator speeds.

    Type 4: Wind Turbine Generator


    Wind Turbine

    Wind Turbine

    An overview of wind farm modeling and simulation using the ETAP Renewable module.

    Directional Overcurrent Protection of a Wind Farm Collector

    Directional Overcurrent Protection of a Wind Farm Collector

    The challenges of directional protection of a wind farm collector are presented in this webinar. ETAP StarZ™ Protection & Coordination module is utilized to set and analyze protection of wind power plant collectors.


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