65 Item(s) found

How ETAP was utilized  to  expand  the Electrical System at the Tailings Dam Copper Mine in Peru

How ETAP was utilized to expand the Electrical System at the Tailings Dam Copper Mine in Peru

As part of their Tailings Dam Expansion project, a large copper mine in Peru required to have several studies performed in their electrical system. As loads were added and the topology of the system was changing, the client wanted to ensure that their electrical system would be able to handle the new loads and operate reliably and efficiently. Electro Integra S.A.C. was hired to perform Load Flow, Short Circuit, Relay Coordination, Motor Starting and Optimal Capacitor Placement studies. ETAP was used as the tool to perform all the studies because the client has been using ETAP for over 20 years.

Since 2000, Electro Integra has partnered with ETAP to bring their software solutions to the Peruvian market. Continuous development and investment in ETAP Solutions has kept them as the de facto standard for power system analysis for all types and sizes of electrical industries.

Ground Grid Design with ETAP in a Steel Plant in Mexico  - EPSOL

Ground Grid Design with ETAP in a Steel Plant in Mexico - EPSOL

A Ground Grid design project is presented in a steel plant in Mexico and the objective is to reduce the step and touch potentials in the area of ​​electric arc furnaces of 50 kA connected to transformers of 13.8/0.6 KV and that in the moment of melting, they create dangerous currents for the workers who operate these furnaces. The project is executed from the field measurements of the resistivity of the ground and the design of the ground grid with the ETAP finite element method (FEM) and the construction of the grid is executed up to the foot of the ovens, thereby reducing said potentials to safe values ​​for the workers, contributing to a safer work area.

Analysis of power distribution network in Mission critical areas – Airports & Datacenters

Analysis of power distribution network in Mission critical areas – Airports & Datacenters

ETAP Power System Software, with its various analysis modules is used to validate the design of  Larsen & Toubro Construction – Buildings and Factories projects in airports, data centers, hospitals, office buildings etc. Network Analysis, such as Load Flow and Short Circuit Calculations, ensure load shedding and voltage drop within permissible limits, Transformer Sizing Analysis is utilized to meet standard requirements. Cable Sizing and Cable Pulling Modules, along with UG Thermal Analysis modules, validate cable routing at various underground locations. These tools allow for easy planning and approval at the initial project stage. On Safety and Protection – STAR curves help to find the correct protection and selectivity for prestigious projects with critical operations such as airports, data centers, office buildings and hospitals, to ensure smooth power flow without interruptions. Arc Flash Modules help us to quickly create & define Arc Flash Labels, as well as PPE requirements. Ground Grid Analysis is used for effective and economical earth mat design and sizing. Reliability Assessments are part of the design process to ensure the AIDI and CAIDI reliability metrics. Harmonic Analysis, for the sizing of active and passive filters allows for fine-tuning of filter design at the right locations.

Online Monitoring of Nuclear Power Plant Auxiliary Power Systems using ETAP Real-Time

Online Monitoring of Nuclear Power Plant Auxiliary Power Systems using ETAP Real-Time

At a given nuclear power plant, nuclear safety is directly dependent on a reliable source of electric power supplied via the plant’s auxiliary power system.  The auxiliary power system typically consists of an MV and LV AC and a DC distribution system, powering thousands of individual loads and circuits, i.e., pumps, fans, valves, sensors, and controls specifically designed to protect the integrity of the nuclear reactor and containment structures.  This presentation will explore past practices and recent developments in the online monitoring of such systems using a digital twin. The presentation includes the reasons for utilizing online monitoring, the advantages of using a digital twin versus simple data collection, and the multi-faceted benefits realized from such a system (i.e., business, safety, reliability).

Industrial Plant Electrical Risk Management Program

Industrial Plant Electrical Risk Management Program

The Electrical Risk Management (ERM) group at FTI uses ETAP to provide short circuit, coordination, and arc flash studies as a part of building a safety program for industrial facilities around the US and Canada. This presentation will describe our approach to an overall safety program and the ways that a safety program encompasses more that just an engineering study. Some topics to be discussed are the need for maintenance personnel to understand the labeling, assessing the risk vs. just looking at the label, the choice between full coordination and arc flash hazard, field verification, and bolted fault current vs arcing fault current as it relates to equipment evaluation. We will look at the ETAP model of one of our industrial customers and discuss the benefits of using ETAP for our studies – reliability, adaptability to many systems by using configurations and scenarios, wizards, availability of DC and MV calculations, Star TCCs, ease of exporting reports to Excel, and solar and wind sources capability.

How to dynamically model & analyze generator stability during step loading using ETAP software

How to dynamically model & analyze generator stability during step loading using ETAP software

This study simulates the impact of step loading on the transient stability of a 2 x 25 MW GTG-based captive power plant at one of the Chemical Fertilizer Plants located at Trombay, India. The variation of electrical frequency and terminal voltage of the generator during the most conservative step loading of one generator unit is studied. The loads divided in steps are switched at certain time intervals to determine whether the frequency profile of the system is within the acceptable limit of ±5%. Load Flow and Short Circuit Studies are performed on the entire power plant distribution network of the fertilizer plant in advance to check the adequacy of equipment ratings during normal and short circuit conditions with all verified input data. The step load response study is carried out with only one GTG unit running in isolation, feeding only the critical emergency loads. Transient behavior of the GTG unit is simulated with IEEE transfer function dynamic models, viz. AC8B model of excitation system (AVR) and IEEE GGOV1 model for turbine governing system using the in-built standard library in ETAP software version 16.1.0. Various parameters of the generator like speed, active and reactive power, bus voltage, and frequency are plotted for determining the transient performance of the GTG unit.

Harmonic Mitigation Project in Steel Plant

Harmonic Mitigation Project in Steel Plant

This presentation aims to explain the necessary steps to comply with national grid code standards; an exemplary case of a steel manufacturing plant with intensive use of induction furnaces and a THD that exceeded the Grid Code's limits. This presentation highlights compliance, analysis, engineering (electrical power system studies), and equipment designed to comply with the technical criteria and mitigation. ETAP was used to size a filter to mitigate harmonics and improve the power factor for 34.5 kV transformers for grid code compliance. 


Efficient Design & Analysis with CoSimulation

Efficient Design & Analysis with CoSimulation

Co-simulation is the cooperative simulation of a system model through different software packages. Collaborative simulation, as such, spans more physics domains and offers more insight than single-domain engines alone. Therefore, the collective composition of its parts enables multi-domain, multi-physics simulation results.​ETAP CoSim™ enables ETAP simulation engines to collaborate and interact. For example, the ETAP Time Domain Power Flow can co-simulate with ETAP Harmonic Analysis to assess harmonics distortion over time. ETAP CoSim platform also enables ETAP and 3rd party tools to co-simulate and solve large, complex, and multi-disciplinary system models—collectively via an efficient API surface. The ability to co-simulate with third-party software extends existing software capabilities into the multi-physics domain and greater situational awareness. This solution presentation will introduce the concepts of co-simulation and the flexible ETAP CoSim platform. The presentation will also highlight commercial use-cases of Phasor and Electromagnetic co-simulation using emtCoSim™ and Controller Hardware-in-the-Loop (CHIL).

Integrated Stability & Protection Sequence of Operation

Integrated Stability & Protection Sequence of Operation

Many protection functions such as over/under frequency, out-of-step, generator loss of excitation are set based on power system dynamic characteristics. These protection functions were conventionally set with the assumption that, system dynamics are predictable using simplistic and aggregated models. Higher penetration of distributed energy resources (DERs) has made power system dynamics considerably more complex to predict through conventional approaches. ETAP offers a new solution to perform unified protection and transient stability study to accurately capture interactions between system dynamics and protection system. This solution allows protection engineers and network planners to 1- tune protection settings to act properly during system dynamics, 2- design and test remedial protection schemes, 3- evaluate all protection functions such as out-of-step, overcurrent and generator loss of excitation protection function and 4- perform grid code studies that require evaluating DER performance along with its protection system.

GIS Modeling & DNA

GIS Modeling & DNA

The traditional power system model and desktop-based analysis work well for greenfield projects. It becomes incredibly challenging to make use of the modeling in a brownfield project. The network routes are limited by existing infrastructure and road layouts. A new design for a built-up urban area is possible by multiple iterations of cable lengths, optimal routes, placement of electrical assets, etc. The iterative process becomes more manageable by having a georeferenced map of all interest areas with high accuracy. GIS-based software becomes extremely helpful to undertake a brownfield design. However, the challenge remains in extracting the GIS data into a power system software in executing the electrical analysis. ETAP is breaking ground in this avenue. EnergyTron is closely working to implement this on a large scale, potentially the largest in the world for this type of project analysis.

Remedial Action Scheme for Integrated G-T-D System

Remedial Action Scheme for Integrated G-T-D System

Due to system shutdowns stemming from drastic frequency decline associated with the loss of relatively large generating units, Fortis TCI embarked on exploring opportunities to curtail these events to improve system response. This was achieved through detailed modeling and validation of system parameters with event data gathered from previous events.  Carefully implemented Remedial Action Schemes are currently explored to provide cost-saving benefits; significantly improving frequency response, without the need for larger spinning reserves and minimize investment costs for BESS.

Enterprise Asset Management & Automated Fault Analysis

Enterprise Asset Management & Automated Fault Analysis

Solution introduction & case study presentation. Remote Management of Protection Relays  - Improved Productivity & Compliance Benefits. This presentation aims to define and demonstrate the importance of the remote management of protection relays in large power system networks. A protection system is vital for network security and reliability. A centralized system should aim to get each protection relay setting, records, logic, and status quickly and efficiently so that all these data can be analyzed, managed, and utilized. In OETC grid stations, there are more than 4000 protection relays installed.  OETC network is rapidly expanding every year. There are incidences of tripping due to various reasons. These isolated equipment restorations can be done faster if protection relays fault records, events retrieved through remote access. ETAP and OETC are jointly working on conceptualizing and implementing a fully functional system for remote relay access and data retrieval – eProtect. This presentation discusses the technical requirements, networking solutions, cybersecurity requirements, features, testing, validating system requirements, and detailed benefits. Challenges faced during implementation will be discussed together with their resolution.

Enhanced End-to-End Real-Time SILHIL Workflows with ETAP and ePHASORSIM

Enhanced End-to-End Real-Time SILHIL Workflows with ETAP and ePHASORSIM

The ETAP/ePHASORSIM hybrid power system solution is ideally suited for installing and certifying any new device on the grid for protection, monitoring and control, thus reducing risk and costly commissioning time—as well as validation of reliability and security of any transmission, distribution and generation grid before implementation. Users can simulate SIL and HIL scenarios in real time, greatly reducing time-to-market. We will demonstrate the time-savings and value of this solution by exporting an ETAP model to ePHASORsim and controlling it in closed-loop with ETAP’s controller hardware.  To fine-tune the response, we will change the ETAP model, export again, the re-start the simulation—a cycle commonly observed in testing environments.

Microgrid Design & Analysis

Microgrid Design & Analysis

Microgrid Analysis & Design is an essential step for Microgrid Implementation. Upfront design and analysis of the target microgrid system, whether for brownfield or green-field Microgrid implementation, can help drive both technical and financial benefits, including determining optimized generation assets required to meet the microgrid objectives as well as a projection of return on investments. Analysis & design from safety, reliability, and financial perspective are critical for successful microgrid implementation to minimize the impact and rework during the installation phase. This presentation will provide recommendations on best practices for Microgrid Analysis & Design.

Unit Capability Validation, an Analytical Approach for MOD-25 Compliance

Unit Capability Validation, an Analytical Approach for MOD-25 Compliance

It is crucial to define the reactive power limits to evaluate the voltage support available under normal, abnormal and emergency operations with the unit's safe functioning. Published generator thermal capabilities curves, produced by the manufacturer, define the limits for safe operation based on the generator design's thermal limitations. Practically, the available reactive capability differs from the published equipment curves due to plant specific design and operating constraints. This presentation discusses a theoretical approach utilizing a simplified electrical distribution system and an ETAP model to identify and validate the plant-specific unit capability. 

Planning, Design, and Validation of a Microgrid using ETAP Digital Twin Platform

Planning, Design, and Validation of a Microgrid using ETAP Digital Twin Platform

The implementation of a Microgrid involves several stages, in which the engineer has to deal with the interaction of different processes and dynamics, taking into account the different modes, topologies and scenarios that the system could possibly have. This is the case of an ongoing project for an important Grid operator in Colombia, in which PTI S.A and OTI are working together to deliver a comprehensive Monitoring and Control system for an entire Microgrid, comprised of different energy resources as Diesel, Solar, Batteries and a connection to the Public Grid. Project stages involve Planning, Design, Validation, In site Deployment and Testings, and for that purposes, Etap PS/RT and Opal RT solutions will be used, on a Digital Twin Platform environment.

HV Arc Flash Studies for one of the Largest Utilities in South America

HV Arc Flash Studies for one of the Largest Utilities in South America

This presentation focuses on HV arc flash hazard analysis, as part of a multi-voltage AF study (115, 34.5, 13.8, and 0.22 kV) for one of the three largest utilities in South America with hydro and renewables generation and T&D. It demonstrates the versatility of the ETAP ArcFault™ to assist in the calculations and estimates of electric arc currents and incident energy level for HV substation equipment. The presentation discusses how ArcFault study results were used to select engineering and administrative control strategies, personal protective equipment (PPE), changes in protection schemes and adjustments to reduce electrical risks in operation & maintenance of electrical T&D systems.

AC Arc Flash using IEEE 1584 - University Campus Case Study

AC Arc Flash using IEEE 1584 - University Campus Case Study

Since the release of IEEE 1584-2018, the industry has been challenged to reach a consensus on applying the new standard. The most significant application “pain” so far has been identifying actual equipment data for input to the study, including bus gap and electrode configurations in the equipment. A case study of an arc flash analysis for a large university campus with MV and LV power distribution equipment of different types, vintages, and manufacturers is presented. The presentation highlights selection of electrode configuration(s) for various equipment types and voltage levels and correct application of arc current and enclosure size correction factors to significantly reduce the data entry time and effort. The presentation will cover upcoming IEEE P1584.1 revisions to apply IEEE 1584 for arc-flash hazard calculations directly from the revision subgroup chair.

Data Center Power System Expansion: DC Arc Flash Case Study

Data Center Power System Expansion: DC Arc Flash Case Study

Case study of a a power system study, which involved the replacement of an extensive UPS system at a data center. The studies included short-circuit, protective device coordination, and arc-flash hazard analysis for both the AC and DC systems consistent with the NFPA 70E 2018 and IEEE 1584 2018 Standards. The DC equipment as installed required mitigation efforts due to high incident energies. This presentation details the analysis, findings, and recommended mitigation for anyone embarking on similar retrofit or expansion studies.

Hyperloop Propulsion System from Design to Operate

Hyperloop Propulsion System from Design to Operate

HyperloopTT focuses on systems that moves people and goods safely, efficiently and sustainably; bringing airplane speeds to the ground by using passive levitation and electric linear propulsion in a low-pressure tube. This presentation discusses the complex power system challenges and collaboration with ETAP for conceptual design and detailed engineering of the 1st commercial prototype. The companies will then thereafter collaborate with ETAP and migrate the digital twin into operations to validate and improve the prototype design and extend to upcoming long-distance commercial & freight systems.